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CHAPTER-IV

WEAPON TRAINING

SECTION-1

CHARACTERISTICS OF .22 RIFLE , STRIPPING, ASSEMBLING,

CARE AND CLEANING AND SIGHT SETTING

 

Ques 1. What are the major characteristics of Rif .22 No MK-II, MK IV and Deluxe BA?

Ans  -  The major characteristics of Rifle .22 No MK-II, MK IV and Deluxe BA are :-

 

Ser No

Details

Rifle .22 No II MK IV BA

Rifle .22 Deluxe BA


(a)

Length

45"

43"

(b)

Weight

8 Lbs 10 ½ OZ

6 LBs 2 OZ

(c)

Magzine Capacity

10 Rounds

05 Rounds

(d)

Muzzle Velocity

2700 per sce

2700 per sec

(e)

Grooves in the barrel

06

06

(f)

Effective Range

25 yds

25 yds

(g)

Max  Range

1700 yds at 33 angle

1700 yds at 33 angle

(h)

Calibre

.22

.22

(j)

Ammunition

.22

.22

(k)

Rate of fire :-

          (i)   Normal

          (ii)  Rapid

 

 05 Rds pm

10-15 Rds pm

 

05 Rds pm

10-15 Rds pm

 

Ques 2  - What points must be kept in mind while assembling Rif .22?

Ans -    (a)         Bolt head to be fully tight.

(b)       Bolt head and guide rib as well as cocking piece and steel lug to be in a line.

(c)        Number of the bolt should tally with that of the rifle.

(d)       Safety catch should be applied.

 

SECTION-2

LOADING, COCKING AND UNLOADING

Ques  1. What is the drill for loading and unloading in the lying position for Rif .22?

Ans  - (a)        To lie down, take a long pace forward with the left foot and at the same time pass the rifle into left hand, grasping it at the point of balance. Place the right hand on to the ground in line with the left foot. During this movement push the rifle forward and lower to the ground.  The left arm will now be extended to the front.  The legs will be well apart. Now load the rifle as taught. 

(b)       Unload the rifle without further orders.  Place the right hand on the ground below the right shoulder. Draw up the left hand. Stand up as quickly as possible.

 

SECTION-3

 LYING POSITION AND HOLD

 

Ques  1. What are the three basic essentials of good shooting?

Ans  -  (a)       Position must be comfortable and hold so firm that the rifles gains a rock like steadiness.

(b)       The firer must aim correctly.

(c)        The trigger be pressed in such a way that aim is not disturbed.

Ques  2. What are the characteristics of good lying position?

Ans       (a)          Legs opened wide apart and body slanting to the left from the line of the target. 

(b)       Formation of the two triangles:-

(i)         Horizontal triangle formed by the three points where the chest leaves the ground, the left elbow and the right elbow. (Fig 1) 

(ii)        Vertical triangle as viewed form the front of firer the two of its sides are formed by the forearms, the base being the ground  between elbows. In addition as a quick check, the shoulders should be level (Fig-2)

                       

SECTION 4

AIMING I - RANGE AND TARGETS

(Only for JD/JW Cadets)

Ques  1. Define laws of aiming?

Ans  - (a)        Focus the target so that a clear picture is formed on the retina of the eye and get the true centre of the target. Then with the eye focus to the foresight.

            (b)       Hold the rifle properly as has already been taught and keep it upright.

            (c)        Close the left eye and focus the foresight.

(d)       See the foresight through the black sight. The foresight should be seen right in the centre of the U. The tip of the foresight must be aligned in the centre and in level with the shoulder of the U.

Ques  2. What are the targets used for firing with Rif .22?

Ans     (a)          For application firing 1' x 1' target is used.  The aim is to be taken at the bull which is the black, centre most circle.

(b)       For grouping, 1' x 1' target with a white patch in the centre of the bull is used.

(c)        For rapid firing, 6 inches figure target is used. The aim is taken at the centre of the figure.

SECTION-5

TRIGGER CONTROL AND FIRING A SHOT

Ques 1. What are essentials of good shooting?

Ans  -  (a)         Determination.        Accurate  shooting  is  never  achieved  without  concentration,  each  time  a  shot  is  fired   the   firer  must  be  fully  determined  that   it  is   going  to  be   perfect  one.

(b)       Turning the Shot.   From  the  time  correct  holding  is  achieved,  more  than   five  seconds should  not  be  taken  to  fire  a shot.   Dwelling   on  the  aim  cause  the  eye  and  muscles  to  tire  and  results  in  bad  shooting.

(c)        Action  on  Range  Being  Ordered.          When  the 'range' is  given the  firer should  adjust  his  sights  and  await  for  indication    of  the  target. 

Ques 2. What is the sequence of action while firing a shot?

Ans  - (a)        Aiming Position.     On taking the aim, the firer must take the first pressure.

(b)       Breathing.    Just before taking an aim, breathing must be gently restrained.   It  is  important   to  coordinate  so   that  when   the  foresight  comes  to  the  point  of  aim,  the  breath  is  partially exhaled.

(c)        Firing.            Immediately  on  'correct  aim'  the   second  pressure  will  be  taken  and  shot  fired.   For  a  second  or  two  after  firing,  there  should  be  no  relaxation  of  the  hold  or  movement  of  trigger   finger  or  head.

(d)       Follow Through.     The  hold  and  aim  must  be  maintained   until   the  bullet  has   left  the  barrel.   Better  still  fire  should  allow  through  until   the  bullet  has  reached  the  target.

 

SECTION-6

RANGE PROCEDURE AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

           

Ques 1. What is the is the normal procedure on the firing points?

Ans  - It is as udner :-

            (a)       The party to fire is brought within about 100 yds of the firing point.

            (b)       The practices to be fired are explained.

            (c)        Firers are detailed to targets.

            (d)       The coaches, ammunition party and look out men take up their positions.            

            (e)       The first two details only form up behind their targets.

(f)        On the order of 'Age Barh' (Detail Advance) the first detail will take position on the firing point.

(g)       On the lowering of the red flag at the butt, the officer supervising the firing point may order his red flag to be taken down and give the order of 'Detail Advance'. The coaches check up their positions and correct them if needed, and give the word of command 'Limber Up'.  On this, the firers must align rifles as they have been taught. The officer will then give the order to load and carry on.

(h)       The firing will start only after getting orders from officer-in-charge firing.

(j)         On completion of fire, the firers must raise their right hand up, keeping the elbow on the ground.

(k)        Officer-in-charge will give the word of command 'Khali Kar'    (before this he must ensure that all have finished).  On this the firers will take their rifles onto their shoulders and move the bolt twice, press the trigger and stand up.

(l)         The officer-in-charge will give the command 'Detail Report'   on this the firers would report 'Number ek rifle theek, do theek, teen theek and number char rifle theek'.   The report will be form left to right. (Normally four targets are used on miniature range).

(m)      The first and last firer will say 'Number ek rifle theek' and the rest will say 'Do theek, teen theek' and so on.

(n)       The details are changed by word of command and the new detail which has been waiting comes up while another detail forms up behind.

(o)       Before the firers leave the range they will have a further weapon inspection. Each firer will be asked whether she has any live ammunition. It will be ensured that they have no live ammunition.

SECTION -7

AIMING II - ALTERATION OF SIGHT

(Only for SD/SW cadets)

Ques  1. What is Mean Point of Impact (MPI)?

Ans  - The central point of area covered  by the group of rounds fired with consistent aim and held at the same aiming mark is called MPI.

Ques  2. What is the elevation at different ranges?

Ans  - (a)        The amount of alteration necessary may be found from the following table which shows the change of MPI when the sight is changed  by 100 yards.

           

Range Target

Rise or drop of MPI on Target

200 Yards

 6 inches

300 Yards

12 inches

400 Yards

18 inches

500 Yards

24 inches

 

(b)       An alteration of 50 yards in the sight will bring half the effect shown above. 200 yards will double it on the target.

 

SECTION-8

THEORY OF GROUP AND SNAP SHOOTING

(Only for SD/SW cadets)

Ques  1. What is grouping capacity?

Ans  -  The diameter of a circle containing all five shots, fired by a man to the best of his ability, is known as his grouping capacity.

Ques  2. What are the main points to be observed during snap shooting?

Ans  - (a)       Accuracy is not sacrificed for speed.

            (b)       There is no verbal declaration of aim, since this would cause distraction.

            (c)        The butt remains in the shoulder in order to save time in re-aiming.

            (d)       Perfect bolt manipulation to ensure that no time is wasted in reloading.

(e)       Firing will continue until such time as the command 'Stop' is given, or no further fire is required.

SECTION-10

CHARACTERISTICS OF 7.62 MM SLR AND 5.56 MM INSAS

(Only for SD/SW cadets)

Note - Already covered in Infantry weapons

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